Factors Related to the Incidence of Hypertension
Hypertension is dubbed the silent killer because this disease has no specific symptoms, hypertension can attack anyone, and at any time, and can cause degenerative diseases, to death. According to several studies, people with hypertension are 12 times more likely to have a stroke and 6 times more likely to have a heart attack. Hypertension is usually not realized by the public because the symptoms are not clear and resemble health complaints in general. Patients only find out that they have hypertension after checking their blood pressure, or after the onset of other diseases. Type of research is quantitative, analytical survey research design with Cross Sectional approach. The research population of all residents aged over 45 years who live in Bandar Lampung City based on data from the population and civil registration office of Bandar Lampung city in 2020 as many as 424,183 people, with the Proportional Random Sampling technique as many as 216 people. In this study, researchers used interview techniques using questionnaires. Data analysis used Chi Square statistical test and Logistics Regression. The research was carried out on March 2021. Research result there was a correlation between caffeinee (p-value = 0.022, and OR = 1.951), smoking habits (p-value = 0.017, and OR = 2.006) obesity (p-value = 0.000, and OR = 3.580), physical activity (exercise) (p-value = 0.012, and OR = 2.078) with the incidence of hypertension in Bandar Lampung City in 2021. Obesity variable is the dominant factor that is most related to the incidence of hypertension in Bandar Lampung City in 2021 (p-value = 0.000, and OR = 32,891). This can be done by holding regular counseling at the Posyandu for the elderly and holding regular exercise programs at the Public Health Center, namely doing morning exercises with the community every Friday. Furthermore, leaflets can be distributed about hypertension when exercising at the Public Health Center, as well as posting posters about the importance of maintaining a healthy diet, maintaining an ideal body weight and exercising regularly in places that are easily accessible by the community, such as at the market, at the village hall. or at the community meeting hall.
Almatsier, Sunita. 2016. New Edition Diet Guide. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Anies. 2018. Textbook of Degenerative Diseases Medicine & Health. Yogyakarta : AR-Ruzz Media.
Arjatmo Tjokronegoro and Utama Hendra. 2016. Textbook of Internal Medicine II. In: E. Susalit, E.J. Kapojos, and H.R. Lubis ed. Primary Hypertension. New Style, Jakarta.
Bustan, N.M. 2015. Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases. Jakarta : PT. Rineka Cipta
Indonesian Health Ministry. 2013. Basic Health Research. Research and Development Agency for Health Ministry of Health RI: Jakarta.
Lampung Provincial Health Office. 2020. Health Profile of Lampung Province 2019. Bandar Lampung.
Hasdianah, HR. Suprapto. 2016. Pathology & Pathophysiology of Disease. Yogyakarta : Nuha Medika.
Hastono, Sutanto Priyo. 2016. Health Data Analysis. Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia
Hengli. 2013. The Relationship Between Smoking And Physical Activity With The Incidence Of Hypertension In Men In The Work Area Of The Siantan Hulu Health Center, North Pontianak District. Faculty of Medicine, Tanjungpura University, Pontianak.
Indonesian Health Ministry. 2019. Basic Health Research. Health Research and Development Agency Ministry of Health RI: Jakarta
Indonesian Health Ministry. 2020. Indonesia Health Profile 2019. Jakarta
Iqbal, Mubarak, Wahit, Indrawati. 2015. Textbook of Basic Nursing Science. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.
Kasim, M. 2016. The Killer Named Hypertension. Jakarta: Ethical Digest
Khasanah, Nur. 2012. Beware of Various Degenerative Diseases Due to Diet. Yogyakarta: Like.
Muhith, Abdul, Nasir. 2015. Basics of Mental Nursing. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.
Potter & Perry. 2015. Fundamental nursing textbooks: concepts, processes, and practices. Edition 4. Jakarta : EGC
Sari, Yanita N I. 2017. Making peace with hypertension. Jakarta : Bumi Medika
Setianingsih Haryono. 2013. Your Enemies After 40 Years.Yogyakarta : Gosyen Publishing.
Setiawan, A. and Saryono. 2014. Midwifery Research Methodology. Jakarta: Nuha Medika.
Sugiyono. 2016. Qualitative Quantitative Research Methods and R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta
Susilo & Wulandari. 2011. The Right Way to Overcome Hypertension. : Yogyakarta CV. Andi Offset
Sutanto. 2014. CEKAL Prevent & Prevent Modern Diseases.Yogyakarta : CV. Andi Offset
Wardoyo, AB. 2014. Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease. Solo : CV. assorted
WHO. 2018. Tobacco Key Fact. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tobacco. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
WHO. 2019. Hypertension Key Fact. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hypertension. Downloaded on January 13, 2021.
Wilson, L.M., & Price, A.P., 2018 Pathophysiology: Clinical Concepts of Disease Processes. 4th Edition. Jakarta: EGC
Yogiantoro, M. 2016. Essential hypertension. In: Sudoyo, A.W., Setiyohadi, B., Alwi, I., Simadibarata, M., and Setiati, S. 2016. Textbook of Internal Medicine. Ed 4. Jakarta: Center for Internal Medicine Publishing FK UI.
Copyright (c) 2021 Indonesian Journal of Global Health Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.