Indonesian Journal of Global Health Research <p><strong>Indonesian Journal of Global Health Research</strong>&nbsp;<strong> (IJGHR)</strong> is a open access, peer reviewed and refereed international journal. <strong>IJGHR</strong>&nbsp;aim to publish original research paper devoted to various area of all health sciences.&nbsp;<strong>IJGHR</strong> provides a forum for sharing timely and up-to-date publication of scientific research, health care and promoting the development of nursing, public health, community, environmental and occupational health. The journal publishes original research papers of health sciences. High priority will be given to articles on public, nursing, adolescent, community, environmental and occupational health, pharmaceutical technology, social pharmacy, traditional medicine, pharmacology, and so on. The topics related to this journal include but are not limited to: public health, health promotion, environmental health, occupational health, clinical aspects related to health, healthcare services, health policy and management, school health, food health, remote health, rural health, community health, mental health, adolescent health, industrial health, circumpolar health, drug health, equity in health, reproductive health care, urban health, health geographics, women's health, paediatrics and child health.</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/admin/COVER_TUNGGAL_IJGHR_11.jpg"></p> GLOBAL HEALTH SCIENCE GROUP en-US Indonesian Journal of Global Health Research 2714-9749 Pregnant Women with Normal Birth Babies <p>Anemia is one of the most common complications during pregnancy. Normal physiological changes during pregnancy affect hemoglobin (Hb), and there is a relative or absolute reduction in Hb concentration. The most common anemia during pregnancy are iron deficiency anemia (about 75%) and folate deficiency megaloblastic anemia, which especially in women during pregnancy do not receive adequate and appropriate prenatal iron and folate supplements. Research aims to find out the rusteristic picture of pregnant women who have anemia. Study design Cohort Retrospective, purposive sampling technique. The recipe numbers 50. The results of the study of respondents aged 20-35 years as many as 41 respondents (82%), Secondary respondent education category as many as 27 respondents (54%), IRT respondent job category as many as 34 respondents (68%), Hb TM I &nbsp;categories respondents are not anemic as many as 31 respondents (62%). Category Hb TM II Mild anemia as many as 30 respondents (60%), hb TM III category is normal as many as 35 respondents (70%). The conclusion that improved services during pregnancy examinations need to be done continuously and correctly for example in doing hb examinations, monitoring the weight gain of women during pregnancy, and other supporting examinations. More research is needed on the application of maternal and newborn health science technology innovations.</p> Nuke Devi Indrawati Maria Ulfah Kurnia Dewi Dian Nintyasari Mustika Dewi Puspitaningrum Sherkia Ichtiarsi Prakasiwi Azizatus Sabila Sri Rahayu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-30 2022-05-30 4 2 219 224 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.985 Basics of Stem Cells Therapy <p>Regeneration of a lost tissue is known to be great challenge for several years, in the recent past the research on regenerative medicine has gained great importance and scientific advancements in the field of molecular biology. Understanding the biological concepts in the tissue regeneration coupled with experiments on stem cells is likely to result in a great shift in the therapeutic medicine. Stem cells have been successfully isolated from variety of human tissues. Initial evidence from pioneering studies has documented that stem cells play vital role in treatment for various life-threatening diseases that have so far defeated modern medical care. The recent studies have been exploring the role of stem cells and their applications. This review discusses in brief the origin of stem cells, their properties, characteristics. It also focuses on current research, their potential applications and the various challenges and barriers that we must overcome before translating laboratory results to successful clinical applications.</p> Asmaa Monir Soliman Eltaweel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-30 2022-05-30 4 2 225 230 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.562 Description of Carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) Levels in Parkir Attendants Based on Working Period Around Bejen Market <p>Carbon monoxide is the largest contributor to air pollution. The source of carbon monoxide contamination comes from the smoke exhaust of motor vehicles. This research was to find out the description of carboxyhemoglobin levels in parking attendants based on working period around Bejen Market. This research method uses descriptive research. The sampling technique used is <em>quota sampling</em>. The research subjects were 8 parking attendants around Bejen market. Examination of carboxyhemoglobin levels using UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The results showed that in the blood of all respondents there was an increase in carboxyhemoglobin levels. The sample with code A1 has a level of 5,56%; sample A2 = 5,20%; sample A3 = 5,40%; sample A4 = 5,56%; sample A5 = 6,30%; sample A6 = 5,66%; sample A7 = 5,80%; and sample A8 = 6,36%. The level of carboxyhemoglobin in parking attendants around Bejen market exceeded the normal limit of &gt;3,5% by the Regulation of the Minister Health Republic Indonesia Number 70 of 2016.</p> Tri Harningsih Indah Tri Susilowati Purwati Purwati Definingsih Yuliastuti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-30 2022-05-30 4 2 231 234 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.708 The Relationship of Leadership Style of the Head Room with Nurse's Work Motivation <p>Most of the hospital employees are nurses. Nurses work 24 hours to provide nursing care. Nursing with this large number of course requires reliable leadership. Leadership is one of the managerial aspects in organizational life that aims to influence, move and direct one's actions in certain situations to achieve goals. Leadership will be reflected in the leadership style that will be applied to subordinates. Leadership style is a form of behavior from a leader that can affect a person's work motivation and become a driving force for work morale. The purpose of this study was to analyze leadership with work motivation of nurses in hospital inpatient rooms. This type of research is a quantitative method with a non-experimental approach, with adesign <em>cross sectional </em>where data collection for the independent and dependent variables is carried out at the same time. The research sample consisted of 32 nurse with total sampling technique. The analytical test used is rank spearman. The results obtained are that the democratic leadership style affects the work motivation of high nurses with <em>p value </em>= 0.000 and <em>Rho </em>= 0.656.</p> Ika Maelany Niken Sukesi Chandra Hadi Prasetya Chandra Hadi Prasetya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-30 2022-05-30 4 2 235 242 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.998 The Effect of Health Education using Audiovisual Towards Knowledge about Brushing Teeth Correctly on Students <p>Oral and dental health is the most common health problem in Indonesian society. At the Sritejokencono Puskesmas in 2019, there were 1049 oral health problems and were included in the top 10 diseases there. There are still many dental and oral health problems due to the lack of optimal school dental health (UKGS) activities carried out by the puskesmas, one of which is health education activities. This study used a quantitative type of research with a pre-experimental character and a research This study uses a quantitative research with a pre-experimental nature and a research design using a one-group pretest – posttest design. The population in this study were all 3rd grade students at SD N 1 Sritejokencono Central Lampung totaling 40 students with 34 students. This research was conducted on 2 and 3 August 2020 at SDN 1 Sritejokencono, Central Lampung. data collection by, before respondents were given health education through video, respondents first did a pre-test then respondents were given health education by playing a video brushing their teeth correctly for 5 minutes, then respondents filled out questionnaires or post-test sheets, then carried out. After the normality test, the results of the data are not normally distributed, then the Wilcoxon test is used.The results showed that there was an effect of health education using audiovisual on the knowledge of correct tooth brushing in grade 3 students at SD N 1 Sritejokencono, Central Lampung in 2020 with a p value of 0.000 (p value &lt;α = 0.05).</p> Dewi Woro Radella Hervidea Tyas Deswita Ningrum ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-28 2022-05-28 4 2 243 250 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.999 The Relationship Between Self Efficacy with Hypertension Degree <p>Hypertension is defined as blood pressure with the systolic above 140 mmHg and the diastolic pressure above 90 mmHg. Non-pharmacological therapies for the elderly are in the form of lifestyle modifications including diet patterns, physical activity, smoking bans, and self-efficacy. Self-efficacy helps a person in making choices, as well as persistence in maintaining the tasks that span their life. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between self-efficacy and hypertension degree at the Dempet Health Center, Demak Regency. This research is quantitative research with a cross sectional approach. This research was conducted on 36 samples using purposive sampling technique. Data processing used Spearman Rank correlation test. Most of the respondents had not confident self-efficacy of 15 respondents (41.7%). The results showed that as many as 15 respondents (42.8%) were categorized as Degree 3 hypertension. The results of the statistical test were p value = 0.000 and rcount = 0.914. Ha was accepted and H0 was rejected, it means that there was a relationship between self-efficacy and the degree of hypertension at the Dempet Health Center, Demak Regency.</p> Yuliana Risa Dwi Nur Aini Maulidta Karunianingtyas Wirawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-28 2022-05-28 4 2 251 258 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.1000 Evaluation of Management of Logistic Materials Management Practice as A Dental Technician Health Service Officer 2018 <p>Dental Engineering Department has a very big role for the creation of competent graduates. In carrying out its role, the Dental Engineering Department must be able to manage education properly and correctly, one of them is logistical management of practicum materials. The purpose of this study was to find out in depth about the evaluation of logistics management in the form of input, process, output of the management of practicum materials at the Department of Dental Engineering, Poltekkes Tanjung Karang. The logistics management function of practicum materials includes identifying, planning procurement, distributing tools to developing an effective and efficient logistics management system.The method used in this study is qualitative with 9 informants. The place of research was carried out in the dental engineering department of Health Polytechnic Tanjung Karang. Data collection is done by direct interviews and observations.The results of this study in general the management of logistics in the Department of Dental Engineering Health Polytechnic Tanjung Karang is quite good but there are still some obstacles such as inadequate Human Resources, inconsistent procedures implemented, nonstandard storage facilities and the planning process of practicum material requirements that have not used the method raw.Therefore, an additional employee in the support unit is needed, repairs to the warehouse and using a standard method, the Activity Based Casting (ABC) method.</p> Febria Listina Satria Nandar Baharza Reka Aprilia ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-28 2022-05-28 4 2 259 268 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.1004 Exploration of the Need for Nursing Human Resources Information Systems for Geographical Mapping of Nurses: A Qualitative Study <p>The existence of data discrepancies related to nursing human resources requires an integrated Nursing HR Information System between interested parties (stakeholders). The purpose of this study is to explore the needs of nursing human resource management information systems. This qualitative research uses a phenomenological approach. Data collection uses in-depth interview techniques with open ended questions, which are carried out online and offline. The research was located at the Bogor Regency Health Office, Depok City Health Office, Cibinong Hospital Bogor Regency, Depok City Hospital, Karadenan Health Center and Bojonggede Health Center in Bogor Regency, Kemiri Muka Health Center and Sawangan Health Center in Depok City. Participants consisted of Health Human Resources Managers, Nursing Human Resources Managers, Nurses in Hospitals, Nurses at Puskesmas and Administrators of Nursing Profession organizations with a total of 28 participants. Data analysis uses a systematic coding process. The results of the study found three themes, namely the components of the information system, the features of the information system and the information produced. Participants expressed needs that would be basic input or data in the development of a geographic-based nursing human resource information system model.</p> Ibnu Rusdi Budi Anna Keliat Rr. Tutik Sri Hariyati Yudho Giri Sucahyo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-30 2022-05-30 4 2 269 280 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.1005 The Relationship Between Service Time and Motivation of MTBS Officers With Obedience to Filling in the MTBS Form In Kupang City <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>The health status of a nation is largely determined by the infant mortality rate. The research objective was to identify the characteristics of the informants including age and education level, to describe the correlation between length of work and motivation with the obedience of MTBS officers filling out the MTBS form based on references in Kupang City. This type of research is quantitative with a cross-sectional research design. Members of this research are all MTBS officers who have attended MTBS standardization training at the Kupang City Community Health Centres with a total of 30 informants. The representative of this research is the entire population. The tools used in collecting data are questionnaires, direct observation formats and documentation studies. The research data were analyzed by using the Spearman correlation test. The results of the univariate analysis are that the majority of informants are aged 25-35 years, the majority of informants' education is D3 Nurse and bivariate analysis found that p-value = 0.800 &gt; 0.05 which means there is no significant correlation between years of service and the obedience of MTBS officers in filling out the MTBS form in City of Kupang, and the correlation coefficient is 0.052 (very weak relationship) while p-value = 0.000 &lt;α 0.05 with a correlation coefficient: 0.768 (very strong relationship) meaning that there is a significant correlation between work motivation and obedience in filling out the MTBS form by MTBS officers at the City Community Health Centres. Kupang. Conclusion: there is no significant correlation between years of service and adherence to the MTBS form filling by MTBS officers at the Kupang City Community Health Centres, there is a significant correlation between work motivation and adherence to the MTBS form filling by MTBS officers at the Kupang City Community Health Centres.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Yulianti Kristiani Banhae Natalia Debi Subani Yustinus Rindu Yohanes Mau Abanit ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-30 2022-05-30 4 2 281 288 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.1006 Health Education and Its Effect on Adolescent Knowledge and Attitudes in the Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases <p>Sexually transmitted infections are one of the main health problems of adolescents. Every teenager is at high risk for developing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) for various reasons such as frequency of unprotected sexual intercourse, being more biologically susceptible to infection, involving relationships of limited duration, and possible difficulties accessing the health care system. The impact when a teenager is exposed to STDs is that it can cause acute symptoms, chronic infections such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer and sudden death in infants and adults. adolescents to increase the knowledge, attitudes and practices of adolescents in behaviour. Analyze the effect of health education on the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents in preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. The type of research used is quasi-experimental with a pre-test and post-test with a control group design. There is an effect of health education on the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents in preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. Health education plays a very important role in increasing knowledge and changing attitudes of adolescents in preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.</p> Natalia Debi Subani Yulianti Kristiani Banhae Roswita V.W.R. Roku Oklan BT Liunokas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-28 2022-05-28 4 2 289 294 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.1041 Perceptions of Early Adolescents, Parents, Teachers, and Health Workers about Suicide in Early Adolescents <p>Suicide is a global problem. Every country has almost the same problems related to suicide, namely related to the statistical suicide rate which tends to increase, the increase in suicide as a cause of death, and the tendency to incidence of suicide at a younger age. This study purposes to explore the perceptions of early adolescents, parents, teachers, and health workers about suicide in early adolescents. The research method uses descriptive qualitative. The study obtained data from twenty-three participants. Determining participants by purposive sampling. Research sites for several junior high schools in Jakarta. Analyzing the interview transcript data using the Colaizzi method. Producing six themes covering perceptions of suicide risk, perceptions of causes of suicide risk, primary responses to stressors that cause suicide risk, assessment of coping sources in facing suicide risk, risk of suicide as a destructive coping mechanism, and strategies to prevent suicide risk in adolescents. early. The results of the study were recommended as variables in building a suicide prevention model in early adolescents.</p> Atih Rahayuningsih Achir Yani Syuhaemi Hamid Budi Anna Keliat Raden Irawati Ismail ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-28 2022-05-28 4 2 295 302 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.1007 The Correlation of Cholinesterase Enzyme Activities Based on Age in Male Farmers <p>The use of pesticides to control plant pests can have an adverse impact on the health of farmers and the surrounding environment. Pesticides enter the body through the respiratory tract and unprotected skin. Pesticide poisoning can cause a decrease in cholinesterase enzyme activity in the blood which can cause death. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a relationship between cholinesterase enzyme activity based on age in male farmers in Kadibolo Village, Klaten Regency. This type of research is analytic observational. The sampling method used was simple random sampling technique. This study used a cross sectional study design with a sample of 20 farmers. Samples were taken from farmer’s venous blood and stored in a vacuum tube without yellow anticoagulant then centrifuged to collect serum. Measurement of cholinesterase enzyme activity using Roche Cobas c 501. The variables of this study were age and cholinesterase enzyme activity of male farmers in Kadibolo Village. The results of statistical tests with SPSS using Fisher's exact test obtained p value = 0.447, RP value = 0.333 and 95% CI = 0.025-4.401. There is no relationship between cholinesterase enzyme activity and age in male farmers in Kadibolo Village.</p> Prasanti Prasanti Tri Harningsih ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-14 2022-06-14 4 2 303 308 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.1042 The Impact of Exposure to Blood Lead Levels on Online Ojek Driver Students on Intelligence and Communication Anxiety <p>Motor vehicle smoke pollution contains lead exposure which if accumulated in the blood exceeds the stipulated level, it can cause health problems, both psychological and physical. This study aims to determine the effect of exposure to lead emitted by motor vehicle fumes on students who take part-time jobs as online motorcycle taxi drivers. The influences studied include IQ levels and communication anxiety. Measurement of IQ using the WAIS test (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale) while Communication Anxiety was measured using the Communication Anxiety Scale. Blood lead levels were checked using the GFAAS tool. The data on blood lead levels, IQ scores and communication anxiety were then tested for normality using the Kolmogorov Smirnov technique and followed by a linearity test with a test of linearity. Then for hypothesis testing, the data were analyzed using simple regression analysis. The result is that there is a relationship between blood lead levels with IQ levels and communication anxiety.</p> Indah Tri Susilowati Noviana Dewi Stefanus Khrismasagung Trikusumaadi Dita Nova Saputri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-28 2022-05-28 4 2 309 314 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.1043 Implementation of Nursing Care During Covid-19 Pandemic in Outpatient Installation of Hospital <p>Nursing care must follow a new lifestyle during Covid-19 pandemic, called the new normal. Nursing care during the pandemic in outpatient installations feels somewhat reduced. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that influence the implementation of nursing care during Covid-19 pandemic in the outpatient installation of hospital. The research method used is descriptive correlation design with a cross-sectional approach. The population used is nurses and patients in outpatient hospitals. Total sampling technique is involving 46 nurses and 46 patients. Each research subject is only observed once and measurements are made on the status of the character or subject variable at the same time. The results showed that there was a relationship between nurses' age, nurses' perceptions of the management tools in the form of money and materials and machines on the implementation of nursing care perceived by patients. Implication: if nursing care is not optimal, if it continues, it will result in a decrease in the quality of health services.</p> Eka Yuliani Armen Patria ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-05-28 2022-05-28 4 2 315 322 10.37287/ijghr.v4i2.1053