A Review the Development of Infection Prevention and Control Program in Nursing Care During Covid-19 Pandemic

  • Candra Dewi Rahayu Universitas Sains Al Qur'an
  • Diah Fitri Purwaningsih Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Indonesia Jaya
  • Ika Silvitasari Universitas Aisyiyah Surakarta
Keywords: covid-19, infection control, nursing care


The hospital is the health service structure that plays the most prominent role with the Covid-19 pandemic.The nursing profession is still required to provide quality nursing care to Covid-19 patients, as well as to other patients so that the provision of nursing care must be in accordance with the procedures and management of patients with infectious diseases accurately and correctly and use Personal Protection Equipment in accordance with standard. Infection prevention and control during the pandemic is very important for patients and health workers to minimize the occurrence of nosocomial infections during hospital care. This review aims to determine the development of infection prevention and control program in the provision of nursing care during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research method with a review was carried out by searching for articles related to patient safety in providing Covid-19 nursing care. Literatures search were carried out in December 2020 - January 2021 through PubMed, Sciencedirec, google scholar, government policy then entered the online database list by entering keywords, namely patient safety, nursing care, Covid-19. Selected journals were based on inclusion and exclusion criteria through a critical assessment process with CASP to assess the quality of articles. The results of the critical appraisal obtained six articles that match the inclusion criteria with a minimum appraisal score of 85 in good categories which are then carried out by analysts. The results of the research by reviewing 6 articles show that prevention and control of patients safety in providing nursing care during a pandemic can be developed through nursing care management by using summarized checklists, patient safety-based nursing care service system, infection prevention and control during the pandemic and inclusive leadership. Nursing care management, patient safety, infection prevention and control and an inclusive leadership style are the development methods that can be used for the prevention and control of Covid-19.


A.O.M, C., & C.Y, H. (2004). Psychological impact of the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak on health care workers in a medium size regional general hospital in Singapore. Med. Oxford, 53(4). https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqh027

Adams, V., Song, J., Shang, J., Mc Donald, M., Dowding, D., Ojo, M., & Russell, D. (2020). Infection prevention and control practices in the home environment: Examining enablers and barriers to adherence among home health care nurses. American Journal of Infection Control, 48(11). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.10.021

Ahmed, F., Zhao, F., & Faraz, N. A. (2020). How and When Does Inclusive Leadership Curb Psychological Distress During a Crisis? Evidence From the COVID-19 Outbreak. PubMed. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01898

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2008a). Panduan Nasional Keselamatan Pasien Rumah Sakit (Patient Safety), 2 edn. Jakarta: Bhakti Husada.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2008b). Pedoman Pelaporan Insiden Keselamatan Pasien (IKP) (Patient Safety Incident Report), 2 edn. Jakarta: Bhakti Husada.

Dewi, A., & Semedi, B. P. (2020). Pencegahan Dan Pengendalian Infeksi Coronavirus Disease Di Ruang Icu. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=en&lr=&id=X1jwDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=ppi+dalam+keselamatan+pasien+covid&ots=y5Kd8IWJrE&sig=IHlwfUBJUeXJIozi33g8Xi5c0I4&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false

G.M, M., A.M, L., V, C., C, C., K.W.T, T., P.C, S., … J, W. (2007). Immediate and sustained psychological impact of an emerging infectious disease outbreak on health care workers. Psychiatry-Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie, 52(4). https://doi.org/10.1177/070674370705200406

Harahap, D. R. (2021). Persepsi Masyarakat Terhadap Kualitas Pelayanan Kesehatan pada Masa Pandemi COVID-19 di Kota Binjai. Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan Suara Forikes, 12(2). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf12211

Huang, J., Liu, X., Wu, Z., Zhang, L., & Yang, X. (2020). Improving staff safety with checklists during novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000021548.

Isbania, F., Sitompu, P. A., Kusumowardhani, D., Susilo, A., & Wihastuti, R. (2020). Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). Kementerian Kesehatan RI Direktorat Jenderal Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Penyakit (P2P).

Ismaniat, H. (2015). Keselamatan pasien di rumah sakit. Yogyakarta: CV Budi Utama.

J.M, G., & J, Z. (2007). Dual tuning in a supportive context: Joint contributions of positive mood, negative mood, and supervisory behaviors to employee creativity. Acad. Manag. J, 50(3). https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2007.25525934.

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2020). Petunjuk Teknis Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) Dalam Menghadapi Wabah COVID-19 versi April 2020. Jakarta.

Lee, S. E., & Dahinten, S. (2021). Psychological Safety as a Mediator of the Relationship Between Inclusive Leadership and Nurse Voice Behaviors and Error Reporting. Journla Of Nursing Scolarship, (1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12689

Lipsitz, L. A. (2012). Understanding Health Care as a Complex System The Foundation for Unintended Consequences. JAMA, 308(3). https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2012.7551

Lubis, A. (2020). Meningkatkan Keselamatan pasien di Rumah Sakit, terkait dengan masa masa pandemi COVID-19. OSFReprint. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/y4nxk

Mitchell, B., Cristancho, S., Nyhof, B. B., Lingard, L. A., Mitchell, B., Cristancho, S., … Lingard, L. A. (2017). Mobilising or standing still? A narrative review of Surgical Safety Checklist knowledge as developed in 25 highly cited papers from 2009 to 2016. BMJ, 26(10). https://doi.org/Mobilising or standing still? A narrative review of Surgical Safety Checklist knowledge as developed in 25 highly cited papers from 2009 to 2016

Nisa, K. (2020). “Kebijakan Rumah Sakit dalam Upaya Pencegahan Penyakit Infeksi Bagi Pasien dan Tenaga Kesehatan di Lingkungan Rumah Sakit.” OSF Preprints. https://doi.org/doi:10.31219/osf.io/gwrbh.

Nurhayati, & Suwandi, S. (2019). Kepatuhan Perawat dalam Implementasi Surgical Safety Checklist Terhadap Insiden Keselamatan Pasien Ponek di Rumah Sakit Semarang. Jurnal SMART Keperawatan, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.34310/jskp.v6i1.215

Pujianto, T. I., Dedi, B., Syaifudin, A., & Nurhayati, S. Peningkatan Mutu Asuhan Keperawatan Berbasis Patient Safety ; Perspective Experience Pandemi COVID-19, Sekolah tinggi ilmu kesehatan karya husada semarang (2020).

Putri, A. F. (2020). Triage dan Penilaian Awal Pada Masa COVID-19 di Instalasi Gawat Darurat. Tim Gugus Tugas COVID-19. Jakarta. Retrieved from http://www.hipgabi.org/p/pusat-informasi.html

Sagita, N. S. (2020, December 31). Update Corona di Indonesia 31 Desember 2020: Tambah 8.074, Total Positif 743.198. Detikhealt. Retrieved from https://health.detik.com/berita-detikhealth/d-5316472/update-corona-di-indonesia-31-desember-2020-tambah-8074-total-positif-743198

Sandrawati, J., Supriyanto, S., & Nurul, T. (2013). Rekomendasi untuk meningkatkan kepatuhan penerapan surgical safety checklist di Kamar Bedah. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan. UNAIR.

Tadavarthy, S. N., Finnegan, K. A., Bernatowicz, G., Coffin, S. E., Lowe, E., & Lou, M. M. (2020). Developing and implementing an infection prevention and control program for a COVID-19 alternative care site in Philadelphia. American Nursing Journal, 9(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.07.006.

Verdiana, B. M. T. . (2020, December 31). Update COVID-19 Dunia 31 Desember 2020 Tembus 83 Juta, Kasus Tertinggi Asia di India. Liputan 6. Retrieved from https://www.liputan6.com/global/read/4446063/update-covid-19-dunia-31-desember-2020-tembus-83-juta-kasus-tertinggi-asia-di-india

Zhao, F., Ahmed, F., & Faraz, N. A. (2020). Caring for the caregiver during COVID-19 outbreak: Does inclusive leadership improve psychological safety and curb psychological distress? A cross-sectional study. PubMed. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2020.103725

How to Cite
Rahayu, C., Purwaningsih, D., & Silvitasari, I. (2021). A Review the Development of Infection Prevention and Control Program in Nursing Care During Covid-19 Pandemic. Indonesian Journal of Global Health Research, 3(3), 379-386. https://doi.org/10.37287/ijghr.v3i3.511