Literatur Review: Acupressure Pericardium (P6) Therapy to Reduce the Frequency of Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnant Woman

  • Ana Yuliana Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Duta Bangsa Surakarta
  • Anik Sulistiyanti Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Duta Bangsa Surakarta
  • Darah Ifalahma Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Duta Bangsa Surakarta
Keywords: acupressure, nausea pregnant woman, pericardium 6


Nausea and vomiting are physiological. This physiological condition will turn into pathology if good treatment is not carried out. One non-pharmacological treatment to reduce nausea and vomiting can be acupressure. Nausea, vomiting is often considered a normal thing that occurs in pregnant women, so it is often ignored. Symptoms of nausea can be severe if not managed properly.  Various  efforts  have  been  made  to  reduce  maternal  nausea  and  vomiting.  In addition  to  pharmacological  therapy  can  also  be  carried  out  nonphamacological  therapy that  is  simple,  inexpensive,  effective,  and  without  adverse  side  effects,  namely  in  the form  of  acupressure  or  massage  at  the  point  6  of  the  pericardium. The purpose of the study was to measure literature related to pericardium acupressure. The method used in this study is metadata analysis using a literature review by searching for relevant articles. The review source uses electronic media from several databases including Science Direct and Google Scholar which were published from 2015 to 2020. With the keywords, vomiting/vomiting; nausea/nausea; pregnancy/pregnant women; acupressure/acupressure; pericardium 6/ neiguan. Results: Based on the results of a literature review of several studies, it shows that there is an effect of providing acupressure techniques on reducing nausea and vomiting in pregnant women in the first trimester. Discussion: Acupressure at pericardium point 6 can produce good evaluations in mothers who experience nausea and vomiting in the mild and moderate categories. Acupressure therapy also does not require taking drugs because with acupressure therapy the body already contains drugs. Conclusion: The use of the pericardium 6 acupressure method in pregnant women in reducing nausea and vomiting shows its effectiveness.


Agustina, C., Hadi, H. &Widyawati, M. N.2016. Aromatherapy Massage as an Alternative in Reducing Cortisol Level and Enhancing Breastmilk Production on Primiparous Postpartum Women in Semarang. ASEAN/Asian Academic Society International Conference Proceeding Series.

Adlan, S., A., et al., 2017. AcupressureAs Adjuvant Treatment For The Inpatient Management Of Nausea And Vomiting In Early Pregnancy: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal Obstentrics and Gynaecology,

Bobak, Lowdermilk, Jensen. 2005. Buku ajar keperawatan maternitas. (ed. ke- 4). Jakarta: EGC.

Farzaneh, S., Zohreh, s., Kalahroudi, M. A., Mahboobeh, T. 2013. Acupressure and ginger to relieve nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 15(9).

Gahayu, P. and Ristica, O.D., 2021. Penerapan Teknik Akupresur Untuk Mengurangi Keluhan Mual Muntah pada Kehamilan Trimester I di PMB SIti Juleha Pekanbaru Tahun 2021. Jurnal Kebidanan Terkini (Current Midwifery Journal), 1(2), pp.70-78.

Handayani, N. and Khairiyatul, R.K.A., 2019. Pengaruh Akupresur Terhadap Penurunan Mual Dan Muntah Pada Ibu Hamil Di Praktek Mandiri Bidan Sidoarjo: indonesia. Embrio, 11(2), pp.102-109.

Hanretty. 2014. Ilustrasi Obstetri. CVPentasada Media Edukasi: Indonesia.

Kusumaningsih, M.R., 2022. Akupressure Sebagai Terapi Mual Muntah Pada Ibu Hamil. Scientific Proceedings of Islamic and Complementary Medicine, 1(1), pp.29-40.

Maheswara, A.N., Wahyuni, E.S., Istiqomah, I. and Kustiyati, S., 2020, December. Literature Review: Terapi Komplementer Akupresur pada Titik Perikardium 6 dalam Mengatasi Mual dan Muntah pada Kehamilan. In Prosiding University Research Colloquium (pp. 315-327).

Mariza, A., dan Ayuningtyas, L. 2019. Penerapan Akupresur Pada Titik P6 Terhadap Emesis Gravidarum Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester 1. Jurnal Kesehatan,

Sedigh, S., et al., 2019. The Effect Of P6Acupressure On Nausea And VomitingOf Pregnancy: A Randomized, Single-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Elsevier.

Sulistiarini, U., Widyawati, M.N. and Rahayu, D.L., 2018. Studi literatur: acupressure pericardium dan aromatherapy citrus untuk mengurangi mual muntah ibu hamil. Jurnal kebidanan, 8(2), pp.146-156.

Tara, F., et al., 2020. The Effect of Acupressure on the Severity of Nausea,Vomiting, and Retching in PregnantWomen: A Randomized Controlled Trial.Complementary medicine research.

Tanjung, W.W., Wari, Y. and Antoni, A., 2020. Pengaruh Akupresur Pada Titik Perikardium 6 Terhadap Intensitas Mual Muntah Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester I. Jurnal Education and development, 8(4), pp.265-265.

How to Cite
Yuliana, A., Sulistiyanti, A., & Ifalahma, D. (2024). Literatur Review: Acupressure Pericardium (P6) Therapy to Reduce the Frequency of Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnant Woman. Proceedings of the International Conference on Nursing and Health Sciences, 5(1), 147-152.