The Effectiveness of Mozart Music on the Level of Women's Pain in the First Stage Labour

  • Karlina Karlina STIKES Abdi Nusantara
  • Abela Mayunita STIKES Abdi Nusantara
Keywords: labour, mozart, music therapy, pain


Pain is something that is certain in every delivery, so complementary care to reduce pain intensity is very important to consider. Mozart's music has been studied to activate physiological pathways that can modulate the body's response. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of Mozart's music therapy in reducing the intensity of labor pain. This study was a quasi-experimental design. This research was conducted at the Independent Practice of Midwives Bd Hj. Nining Mutbaiyyah, S.ST Pamarayan, Serang – Banten in May – June 2023. The sample in this study was 30 respondents divided into 15 intervention groups and 15 control groups. Samples were selected by purposive sampling techniques. The intervention provided was the playback of Mozart's music with the title K 448 Mozart every 30 minutes. Analysis using the Mann Whitney U test . There was a difference in the average degree of pain between the control group and the intervention group (6.4 vs 4.5) In addition, the results of the Mann Whitney test also showed a p-value of 0.000 < 0.05 which concluded that there was an influence between the administration of Mozart music intervention in reducing pain in maternity mothers and was statistically significant.


Van der Steen, J. T. (2018). Music‐based therapeutic interventions for people with dementia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (7).

Liang, J. T. (2021). Application of music therapy in general surgical treatment. BioMed Research International.

Caponnetto, P. L. (2022). Music therapy and psychological-clinical impact in surgery: A systematic review. Health Psychology Research, 10(4).

Santiváñez-Acosta, R. T.-L. (2020). Music therapy in pain and anxiety management during labor: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicina, 56(10), 526.

Bojorquez, G. R. (2020). Music therapy for surgical patients: approach for managing pain and anxiety. Critical care nursing quarterly, 43(1), 81-85.

McPherson, T. B. (2019). Active and passive rhythmic music therapy interventions differentially modulate sympathetic autonomic nervous system activity. Journal of music therapy, 56(3), 240-264.

Yakobson, D. G.-R. (2021). Effects of live music therapy on autonomic stability in preterm infants: A cluster-randomized controlled trial. Children, 8(11), 1077.

Garcia-Gonzalez, S. L.-M.-R.-G.-H.-V.-Q. (2021). Transcranial direct current stimulation in Autism Spectrum Disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 48, 89-109.

Resmaniasih, K. (2019). Literature review: The effect of music therapy on labour pains. 21st Century Innovation in Music Education, 484-492.

Paninsari, D. (2021). Terapi Birth Ball untuk Menurunkan Intensitas Nyeri Persalinan. Jurnal Maternitas Kebidanan, 6(1), 94-98.

Arto, D. S. (2021). Literature Review Pengaruh Teknik Distraksi Musik Klasik Mozart Untuk Mengurangi Nyeri Pada Pasien Post Operasi Fraktur. Journal of Nursing and Health, 6(1), 1-7.

Arisdiani, D. R. (2021). Music Therapy as Nursing Intervention in Improving Postpartum Mothers Comfort. Media Keperawatan Indonesia, 4(1), 72.

Tridiyawati, F. &. (2022). Efektifitas Terapi Musik Terhadap Penurunan Kecemasan Pada Postpartum Blues: Literature Review. Malahayati Nursing Journal, 4(7), 1736-1748.

Pazriani, A. P. (2021). Pengalaman Ibu Yang Mengalami Baby Blues: Literature Review. Tanjungpura Journal of Nursing Practice and Education, 3(1).

Ajeng, A. S. (2023). Mengurangi Nyeri Persalinan Dengan Menggunakan Metode Komplementer. Prosiding Simposium Nasional Multidisiplin (SinaMu), (pp. 4, 378-387).

Rahayu, N. A. (2020). Efektivitas Music Therapy Terhadap Pengurangan Nyeri Persalinan: Systematic Review. Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional, 5(2), 83-94.

Angraini, A. D. (2021). Efektivitas Terapi Musik Dalam Mengurangi Nyeri Persalinan Pada Wanita Primipara: Literature Review. Buletin Kesehatan: Publikasi Ilmiah Bidang kesehatan, 5(1), 1-11.

How to Cite
Karlina, K., & Mayunita, A. (2023). The Effectiveness of Mozart Music on the Level of Women’s Pain in the First Stage Labour. Proceedings of the International Conference on Nursing and Health Sciences, 4(2), 499-504.