Covid-19: Epidemiologi, Virologi, Penularan, Gejala Klinis, Diagnosa, Tatalaksana, Faktor Risiko dan Pencegahan

  • Arianda Aditia Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Lampung
Keywords: epidemiologi, gejala klinis, penularan, tatalaksana, virologi COVID-19

Abstract

Corona Virus Disease 2019 atau COVID-19 pertama kali dilaporkan muncul di Wuhan, China pada akhir tahun 2019.  COVID-19 termasuk dalam genus betacoronavirus, hasil anasilis menunjukkan adanya kemiripan dengan SARS. Setelah dilakukan penelitian lebih lanjut, ditemukan strain baru dari coronavirus yang menjadi penyebabnya. Novel Coronavirus 2019 (2019-nCoV) secara resmi dinamai sebagai Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Gejala yang muncul pada pasien dengan COVID-19 umumnya adalah sesak napas, batuk kering, demam dan kelelahan. Hingga saat ini COVID-19 telah menyebar keseluruh negara di dunia sehingga statusnya ditetapkan menjadi pandemi oleh World Health Organization pada 11 Maret 2020. Hingga saat ini tatalaksana pasti untuk COVID-19 belum ditemukan, pasien dengan COVID-19 hanya diberikan terapi suportif. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui update terkini terkait COVID-19. Jenis review yang digunakan dalam jurnal ini berbentuk literature review 40  artikel  yang ditemukan  melalui  database  NCBI,  PubMed, Google  Scholar, hanya  terpilih  27 artikel dari  tahun  2020  hingga  2021. Hasil dari artikel ini adalah menjelaskan update terkini mengenai epidemiologi, virologi, penularan, gejala klinis, diagnose, tatalaksana, faktor resiko dan pencegahan COVID-19.

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Published
2021-09-18
How to Cite
Aditia, A. (2021). Covid-19: Epidemiologi, Virologi, Penularan, Gejala Klinis, Diagnosa, Tatalaksana, Faktor Risiko dan Pencegahan. Jurnal Penelitian Perawat Profesional, 3(4), 653-660. https://doi.org/10.37287/jppp.v3i4.574