The Quality of Life for Family Caregivers in Caring Family Members Undergoing Hemodialysis

  • Uswatun Hasanah Akademi Keperawatan Dharma Wacana
  • Sapti Ayubbana Akademi Keperawatan Dharma Wacana
  • Supardi Supardi Akademi Keperawatan Dharma Wacana
Keywords: family caregiver, hemodialysis, quality of life


Family caregivers who care for family members undergoing hemodialysis are affected quite difficult. The impact on family caregivers in caring for patients undergoing hemodialysis is emotional, social, physical, and financial so that it has an impact on their quality of life. The aims of this study is to describe the quality of life of the family caregiver in patients undergoing hemodialysis. This research is a quantitative study with an analytic descriptive approach. The research sample consisted of 56 family caregivers. The sampling technique used purposive sampling. Measurement of quality of life data for family caregivers using the WHOQOL-BREF quality of life instrument. Data were analyzed univariately with a frequency distribution. The results showed that the majority of family caregivers experienced a low quality of life with an average value below 50. The lowest average results were in the domain of social relationships (mean: 32.928), followed by psychological domains, environmental domains and physical health.


Abbasi, ali, asayesh, hamid, rahmani, hossein, shariati, alireza, hosseini, seyyed abedin, rouhi, ghanbar, & molaie, einollah. (2011). The Burden on Cargivers from Hemodialysis Patients and Related Factors. Journal of Research Development in Nursing & Midwifery.
Amendola F, Oliveira MAC, A. M. (2011). Influence of social support on the quality of life of family caregivers while caring for people with dependence. Rev Esc Enferm USP., 884–889.
Bayoumi, M. M. (2014). Subjective Burden on Family Carers of Hemodialysis Patients. Open Journal of Nephrology.
Belasco, A., Barbosa, D., Bettencourt, A. R., Diccini, S., & Sesso, R. (2006). Quality of Life of Family Caregivers of Elderly Patients on Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis. American Journal of Kidney Diseases.
Belasco, A. G., & Sesso, R. (2002). Burden and quality of life of caregivers for hemodialysis patients. American Journal of Kidney Diseases.
Cukor, D., Cohen, S. D., Peterson, R. A., & Kimmen, P. L. (2007). Psychosocial aspects of chronic disease: ESRD as a paradigmatic illness. In Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Guedea MTD, Damacena FA, Carbajal MMM, Marcobich PO, Hernández GA, L. L. (2009). Need for social support in caregivers of elderly Mexican family members. Psicol Soc, 21(2). http: //dx.doi. org / 10.1590 / S0102-71822009000200011
Ho, A. Collins, S., Davis, K., Doty, M. (2005). A Look at working-age caregivers’ roles health concern and need for support. Common W. Found, 854, 1–12.
Kumar, S., & Grimmer-Somers, K. (2007). A synthesis of the secondary literature on effectiveness of hospital avoidance and discharge programs. In Australian health review : a publication of the Australian Hospital Association.
Mashayekhi, F., Pilevarzadeh, M., & Rafati, F. (2015). The Assessment of Caregiver Burden in Caregivers of Hemodialysis Patients. Materia Socio Medica.
Preedy, V., & Watson, R. (2010). Handbook of Disease Burdens and Quality of Life Measures (1st ed.). Springer Science and Business Media.
Rodríguez-Sánchez E, Pérez-Peñaranda A, LosadaBaltar A, Pérez-Arechaederra, Gómez-Marcos MA, Patino-Alonso MC, et al. (2011). Relationships between quality of life and family function in caregiver. BMC Fam Pract., 12, 1–7.
Salim, O. C., Sudharma, N. I., Kusumaratna, R. K., & Hidayat, A. (2016). Validitas dan reliabilitas World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF untuk mengukur kualitas hidup lanjut usia. Universa Medicina.
Silveira TM, Caldas CP, C. T. (2006). Caring for highly dependent elderly people in the community: a study on primary family caregivers. Cad Saude Publica., 22(8), 1629–1638. S0102-311X2006000800011
Stanhope, M. and Lancaster, J. (2004). Community and Public Health Nursing (6th Editio).
Yagoda, L. (2004). Working family caregivers: issues and opportunities for social work practice. National Association of Social Workers. USA.